Garage doors are an essential part of our homes, providing security and convenience. However, over time, the springs and tracks of a garage door may require adjustments to ensure smooth and safe operation. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the process of adjusting garage door springs and tracks, providing step-by-step instructions for torsion and extension springs. By following these instructions, you can maintain the optimal functioning of your garage door and avoid costly garage door repairs.

Understanding the Role of Springs and Tracks

Before we dive into the adjustment process, let’s first understand the vital role that springs and tracks play in the operation of a garage door. Springs are responsible for counterbalancing the door’s weight, making it easier to open and close. On the other hand, tracks provide the necessary guidance for the door’s movement, allowing it to move smoothly along the rollers.

Types of Springs: Torsion vs. Extension

Garage doors can have either torsion or extension springs. Torsion springs are typically found above the door opening, while extension springs are on either side. The adjustment process may vary slightly depending on the type of springs your garage door has.

Torsion Springs

Torsion springs are wound tightly and create a rotational force to balance the door’s weight. Before adjusting torsion springs, it’s crucial to determine whether there is too much or too little tension.

To test the tension of the torsion springs:

Note: Garage door repair, especially involving torsion springs, is a task that requires expertise as these springs are dangerous and can cause serious injury if not adjusted properly. If you need to become more experienced with torsion springs, it’s best to seek professional assistance.

To adjust torsion springs:

Extension Springs

Extension springs stretch and contract to lift and lower the garage door. Adjusting extension springs involves relocating the S hook or tightening the nut on the eye bolt.

To adjust extension springs:

Garage door springs

Adjusting Garage Door Tracks

In addition to springs, garage door tracks may also require adjustments to ensure proper alignment and smooth operation. Here’s how you can adjust the tracks:

Tools and Materials Needed

Before you start, gather the necessary tools and materials which may include:

  1. Screwdriver (preferably a power screwdriver for efficiency)
  2. Rubber mallet
  3. Level
  4. Safety goggles
  5. Gloves
  6. A ladder (if necessary)

Safety Precautions

Remember to take some safety precautions before you start working:

  1. Disconnect the garage door opener to avoid any accidents.
  2. Make sure the door is closed and secured.
  3. Wear safety goggles and gloves to protect yourself from any debris or sharp edges.

Step-by-step Guide to Adjusting Garage Door Tracks

Step 1: Prepare the Area

Ensure the area around the garage door is clear to prevent tripping hazards and to have easy access to the door tracks.

Step 2: Loosen the Screws

Using a screwdriver, carefully loosen the screws that attach the track to the door frame. It’s essential not to remove the screws entirely, just loosen them enough to allow for adjustment of the tracks.

Step 3: Check the Alignment

Before making any adjustments, use a level to check the alignment of the tracks. It will help you understand how much adjustment is needed. Ideally, the tracks should be perfectly vertical on the vertical sections and perfectly horizontal on the horizontal sections.

Step 4: Adjust the Track

Using a rubber mallet, gently tap the bottom of the track to make necessary adjustments. Make minor adjustments gradually, checking the alignment with the level after each adjustment to ensure that you are maintaining a straight and level track. Remember to adjust both tracks equally to ensure balanced operation.

Step 5: Check the Door Operation

After making the adjustments, manually operate the garage door to check if it is moving smoothly without any hindrances. If necessary, make further adjustments until the door operates smoothly.

Step 6: Tighten the Screws

Once the track is in the desired position and you have confirmed that the door is operating smoothly, tighten the screws to secure it. Ensure that the screws are tightened evenly to prevent any warping or twisting of the track.

Step 7: Reconnect the Garage Door Opener

After completing the adjustment, reconnect the garage door opener and operate the door using the opener to confirm that the adjustment was successful.

Post-Adjustment Testing

Conduct a final test to ensure everything is in proper order:

  1. Perform a visual inspection to confirm that the tracks are parallel and in alignment.
  2. Operate the door several times to confirm consistent, smooth operation.

By following these detailed steps, you should successfully adjust your garage door tracks to ensure smoother and more efficient operation. Regular maintenance and checks can prevent future issues and extend the lifespan of your garage door system.

Importance of Regular Maintenance

Adjusting garage door springs, and tracks, and performing routine inspections and maintenance, including garage door repair, is essential to ensure the optimal functioning of your garage door.

Here are a few tips to keep in mind:

1. Enhancing Longevity and Reliability

2. Safety Considerations

3. Enhancing Energy Efficiency

4. Additional Tips for Comprehensive Maintenance


Properly adjusting garage door springs and tracks is crucial for your garage door’s safe and efficient operation. By following the step-by-step instructions outlined in this guide, you can maintain the optimal functioning of your garage door and prolong its lifespan. However, if you need more clarification or are uncomfortable with performing these adjustments yourself, it’s always best to seek the assistance of a professional. Don and Son’s Garage Doors in Lewisville, Texas, is a trusted provider of garage door services in Denton, TX, including spring and track adjustments. With their expertise and experience, they can help you get your garage door back on track safely and efficiently. Contact us today for all your garage door needs.

At Don and Son’s Garage Doors, we can fix your garage torsion springs in Denton, TX. We understand how annoying and inconvenient it is when your garage door breaks. That’s why we want to help you get your life back on track by giving you excellent service at a price you can afford. Our staff has been taught and worked on many garage door repair Denton, TX, so we know how to fix them. We’ll work immediately to resolve your issue so you can enjoy your home or business again. We’ve been repairing garage doors in the Denton area for a while now. You can be sure that your property will be safe from any damage we do while making fixes because we are fully licensed and insured. Call us now if you need help with your garage door or opening.

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